Moss canal

Canal in the Moss city center between the mainland and Jelöya connecting the Mossesundet in north to the Varlebukta in south.

The southern outlet with the ferry berth.

The southern part seen from the southeastern quay.

The southern part seen from the southwestern pier.

The southern part seen from the bridge.

The southern outlet with the ferry berth.

The southern part seen from the southeastern quay.

The southern part seen from the southwestern pier.

The southern part seen from the bridge.

View from north. Eastern side.

View from north. Western side.

View from the bridge towards north.

The old customs house seen from the bridge.

View from north. Eastern side.

View from north. Western side.

View from the bridge towards north.

The old customs house seen from the bridge.

© All pictures by Bosse Arnholm, 2001

Length

Elevation

Number of locks

Max draft

Max heigth

Max speed

250 m

0 m

0

4 m

4,5 m

4 knots

History:
A canal here has been planned and wanted since very long ago. In the 1640ies the viceroy Hannibal Sehested wanted to dig a canal here and during the reign of king Frederik IV new plans were made. But the first works here did not start until during the Napoleon wars 1807 to 1814. During this time the works started on a canal, but the naval department stopped the works before they were finished.
The bay north of the canal, Mossesundet, has always been known as a good and calm harbour. The problem always beeing the long route to get there.
A memorial stone at the southern pier shows the years 1855 - 1888, which might be the years when the canal was built. I have seen no written proof of that. But it is true that the canal was opened to traffic in 1856.
In 1957 a new drawbridge was built over the canal. The same year the canal was made deeper and renovated in other ways. This bridge was built by Moss Mechanical Works that also built the first bridge in 1888.
At this time many merchant ships used the canal. In Mossesundet north of the canal there were many big industries and the canal was a favoured shortcut for their transports. But from 1978 the bridge is not opened for boats, which means that only boats lower then 4,5 meter can pass.


Sources: Frans-Arne Stylegar via mail 2005, Den Norske los from 1987, Ferie & Fritidshavner from 1998, N. Kiær "Norges Land og Folk" part I (Smaalenenes amt) 1885 and my own experiences in situ.
Do send comments or further information to Bosse Arnholm!

 

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This page was modified at 12-08-06